Crack Cocaine

Crack Cocaine

Crack cocaine is a highly addictive and powerful stimulant that is derived from powdered cocaine using a simple conversion process. Crack emerged as a drug of abuse in the mid-1980s. It is abused because it produces an immediate high and because it is easy and inexpensive to produce–rendering it readily available and affordable.

Crack is produced by dissolving powdered cocaine in a mixture of water and ammonia or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda). The mixture is boiled until a solid substance forms. The solid is removed from the liquid, dried, and then broken into the chunks (rocks) that are sold as crack cocaine.

What Is Crack Cocaine

Cocaine is an often abused drug, derived from the coca plant, and it’s found in both powder and rock forms. While the powdered form of cocaine is simply referred to as cocaine or coke, the rock form is often referred to as crack or crack cocaine.

Crack vs Cocaine

Cocaine is a hydrochloride salt in its powdered form, while crack cocaine is derived from powdered cocaine by combining it with water and another substance, usually baking soda (sodium bicarbonate). After cocaine and baking soda are combined, the mixture is boiled, and a solid forms. Once it’s cooled and broken into smaller pieces, these pieces are sold as crack.

The name crack derives from the crackling sound that is produced when the drug is heated and then smoked, according to the Center for Substance Abuse Research. Since crack is so highly concentrated, it is extremely addictive. While not common, it’s possible for a person to become addicted to crack after just one use. Bing

Cocaine and crack certainly differ in appearance. Cocaine is generally found in white powder form, and crack is found in a rock form that is generally white, cream, tan, or light brown. Crack and cocaine also differ in the manner in which they are used. Cocaine is typically snorted, and crack is typically smoked.

How Long Does Crack Cocaine Stay In Your System?

Cocaine or its metabolites typically show up in a blood or saliva test for up to two days after its last use.

In a urine test, it usually shows up for three days and in a hair test for several months or even years.

If you use cocaine frequently and in high doses, it takes your body longer to eliminate the substance. A heavy cocaine user can test positive in a urine test for two weeks. Other factors also extend the elimination time, including metabolism, weight, and mixing it with alcohol.

How Crack Is Made?

Crack cocaine is made by modifying powdered cocaine to extract the base cocaine, changing the drug’s physical qualities.

It Starts With Cocaine?

To produce cocaine, leaves from the coca plant are harvested in South America, primarily in Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru. 

Cocaine may be modified by drug dealers into crack cocaine in batches before or after being smuggled across international borders, and some consumers even choose to convert small amounts of cocaine powder into crack cocaine at home. 

Modifying Cocaine To Produce Crack?

Making crack cocaine with baking powder is a relatively simple process. The drug is mixed into a solution of water and either sodium bicarbonate (baking soda, though ammonia may sometimes be used instead) and boiled until a solid substance is formed and removed from the mixture. 

Once the freebase cocaine dries, it is broken into chunks (rocks) and used or sold. 

Why Can’t Cocaine Be Smoked?

Because cocaine powder is water soluble it’s easy to inhale and absorb through the blood vessels of the nose, or to prepare for IV injection. But cocaine powder is not good for smoking due to its extremely high melting point of 197 degrees °C.

If you try to smoke cocaine powder as-is, you’ll burn the drug off before it can reach your lungs.

Alternatively, crack cocaine melts at only 98 °C with a boiling point of 188 °C, which allows the drug to be easily vaporized and smoked using paraphernalia as simple as a handheld lighter and small glass pipe.

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